Power & Speed Models Aerodynamic Models Physiology Models Triathlon Models Model Validation

A cyclist expends power to overcome a number of forces including gravity, air resistance or aerodynamic drag, acceleration, rolling resistance, wheel bearing and drivetrain friction. Fortunately it has long been possible to reflect all of these forces in a mathematical model of cycling power such that we can understand with high precision the power a rider would need to produce to achieve a certain speed or event time or conversely the speed or time that could be expected for a given power output. We incorporate such a model into the following calculators which can be applied to practical analysis of racing.

## Power Components Calculator

Use this model to calculate the power output required to achieve a certain time on a simple one-sector course or to understand how required power output is spent in terms of components required to overcome the different forces of resistance.

## Power-Speed Scenarios Calculator

Use this model to study the impact of several variables on required power, given a certain speed, or on speed given a certain power output. The kinds of variables you can study include weight, road gradient and aerodynamic drag.

## Power Sector Model (Time Trial) Model

This is a 10 sector course model that can be used to model power, speed or time applicable to events such as time trials and cyclo sportives. As an extension you can easily study the impact of air pressure on time trial performances.

## Variable Power Pacing Model

Use this model to experiment with variable power pacing strategies while checking that your pacing plan remains within the limits of the rider critical power curve.

## Velocita Ascencionale Media

VAM or "Velocity Ascended, Metres Per Hour" is a metric of climbing ability developed by Doctor Michele Ferrari.

## Effects of Altitude

Both a physiology and a power & speed model. Use it to evaluate the tradeoff between reduced power due to oxygen sparsity and aerodynamic benefit of thin air in terms of the combined effect on a riders speed at altitude.